How can a top-down initiative support change and development bottom-up? The case of Norwegian Centres for Excellence in Education
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In this paper we discuss how national excellence initiatives with a top-down approach can generate bottom-up change and enhancement at the local, institutional and sectoral level.
By studying the national initiative Norwegian Centres for Excellence in Education and bioCEED – Centre for Excellence in Biology Education, we argue that the national programme have succeeded in driving institutional change from a local level. The paper discusses how national agencies can be a partner in development and create programmes to foster change from within with low fidelity governance approaches (Land and Gordon 2015) focusing on responsibility, and not accountability and control, and long-term developments.