Working with Faculty of Color on a Predominantly White Campus

Session Time and Location

Thu, 7 Jun 2018
8:00am to 9:30am
Room: Room:
Session Track
Session Format


An increasing number of publications discuss the marginalization and oppression of faculty of color in Predominantly White institutions (PWIs). Many roadblocks for minority faculty exist in the cultures and systems of PWIs. A theoretical perspective of Whiteness is used in analysis of cultures and systems of PWIs. Whiteness in PWIs is pervasive and manifests all aspects of university campus including curriculum co-curriculum, the hidden curriculum, as well as, faculty, staff and leadership positions and physical spaces.  Recognizing Whiteness in higher education would help educational developers increase their understanding of race relationship and its implication to faculty of color at PWIs.


  • Session References +

    Banks, James. Introduction to Multicultural Education. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, 2008.

    Bavishi, Anish, Juan M. Madera, and Michelle R. Hebl. "The Effect of Professor Ethnicity and Gender on Student Evaluations: Judged Before Met." Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 3, no. 4 (2010): 245 - 256.

    Bondi, Stephanie. "Students and institutions protecting Whiteness as property: A critical race theory analysis of student affairs preparation." Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice 49, no. 4 (2012): 397-414.

    Brunsma, David L., Eric S. Brown, and Peggy Placier. "Teaching race at historically White colleges and universities: Identifying and dismantling the walls of Whiteness." Critical Sociology 39, no. 5 (2013): 717-738.

    Bush, Melanie E. L. Everyday Forms of Whiteness: Understanding Race in a 'Post-Racial' World. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011.

    Cabrera, Nolan L. "Working through whiteness: White, male college students challenging racism." The Review of Higher Education 35, no. 3 (2012): 375-401.

    Cabrera, Nolan L., Jeremy D. Franklin, and Jesse S. Watson. "Whiteness in higher education: The invisible missing link in diversity and racial analyses." ASHE Higher Education Report 42, no. 6 (2016): 7-125

    Cox, Milton D. "Introduction to Faculty Learning Communities." New Directions for Teaching and Learning 2004, no. 97 (2004): 5-23.

    Guess, Teresa J. "The social construction of whiteness: Racism by intent, racism by consequence." Critical Sociology 32, no. 4 (2006): 649-673.

    Gusa, Diane Lynn. "White institutional presence: The impact of Whiteness on campus climate." Harvard Educational Review 80, no. 4 (2010): 464-490.

    Gutiérrez y Muhs, Gabriella, Yolanda Flores Niemann, Carmen G. González, and Angela P. Harris, eds Presumed Incompetent: The Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado, 2012.

    Harper, Shaun R., and Sylvia Hurtado. "Nine themes in campus racial climates and implications for institutional transformation." New Directions for Student Services 2007, no. 120 (2007): 7-24.

    Kena, Grace, William Hussar, Joel McFarland, Cristobal de Brey, Lauren Musu-Gillette, Xiaolei Wang, Jijun Zhang et al. "The Condition of Education 2016. NCES 2016-144." National Center for Education Statistics (2016).

    Leonardo, Zeus. "The color of supremacy: Beyond the discourse of ‘white privilege’." Educational Philosophy and Theory 36, no. 2 (2004): 137-152.

    Little, Deandra, and Michael S. Palmer. "A coaching‐based framework for individual consultations." To Improve the Academy 29, no. 1 (2011): 102-115.

    Lutz, Kristin F., Dena Hassouneh, Jen Akeroyd, and Ann K. Beckett. "Balancing survival and resistance: Experiences of faculty of color in predominantly Euro American schools of nursing." Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 6, no. 2 (2013): 127-146.

    Mighty, Joy, Mathew L. Ouellett, and Christine A. Stanley. "Unheard voices among faculty developers." New Directions for Teaching and Learning 2010, no. 122 (2010): 103-112.

    McIntosh, Peggy.  “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack" Peace and Freedom Magazine, July/August (1989): 10-12.

    McPherson, Michael A., and R. Todd Jewell. "Leveling the playing field: Should student evaluation scores be adjusted?." Social Science Quarterly 88, no. 3 (2007): 868-881.

    Ouellett, Mathew L., and Christine A. Stanley. "Fostering Diversity in a Faculty Development Organization." To Improve the Academy 22, no. 1 (2004): 206-225.

    POD Network Research Committee. "Analysis of several themes emerging from the 2010 POD Membership survey data." (2011).

    Smith, Bettye P., and Juanita Johnson-Bailey. "Student ratings of teaching effectiveness: Implications for non-White women in the academy." Negro Educational Review 62, no. 1-4 (2011): 115-140.

    Stanley, Christine A., ed. Faculty of Color: Teaching in Predominantly White Colleges and Universities. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing, 2006.

    Tuitt, Franklin. "Working with underrepresented faculty." In A Guide to Faculty Development, edited by Kay J. Gillespie, Douglas L. Robertson, and Associates, 225-242. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2010.

    Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes, Juan Carlos González, and J. Luke Wood. "Faculty of color in academe: What 20 years of literature tells us." Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 1, no. 3 (2008): 139-168.

    Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes, Juan Carlos González, and Kathleen Wong. "Faculty women of color: The critical nexus of race and gender." Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 4, no. 4 (2011): 199-211.

    Twine, France Winddance, and Charles Gallagher. "The future of whiteness: A map of the ‘third wave’." Ethnic and Racial Studies 31, no. 1 (2008): 4-24.